These objectives are aligned with World Vision’s child well-being aspirations and targets.
Education is a fundamental right of children and crucial for their intellectual and social development. Many Myanmar children drop out of school before completing their primary grades, in order to earn income to help support their families. The more vulnerable children are, the more difficult it is for them to return to school.
Early Childhood Care and Development is a major focus of World Vision’s work, as it lays a strong foundation for physical growth, mental development, and socialization of children. Parenting education increases parent and caregiver knowledge of young children’s fundamental rights and needs.
Primary Education is supported with the renovation and construction of school buildings, playgrounds and safe water and sanitation systems.
Non-Formal Education (NFE) classes provide access to education for working children, orphans and vulnerable children who have dropped out of the formal school system. Offering ‘second chance’ opportunities, NFE centres equip children with the basics of literacy and numeracy, as well as life skills and vocational training. Vocational training prepares young people for jobs related to a specific trade, occupation or vocation. Life Skills encourage personal and social competence, so children can make informed decisions, communicate effectively, and keep themselves safe.
Health is at the heart of our community work. During 2014-2016, World Vision is prioritizing Maternal, Child and Newborn Health and Nutrition and is thus contributing to Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 in reducing under-5 and maternal mortality and morbidity. Our core emphasis is on pregnant women, newborns and children under the age of 2, as the greatest burden of mortality, illness and malnutrition lies in these groups. We are also working to combat Malaria, TB, HIV & AIDS and other communicable diseases.
World Vision has identified three main causes of poor child and maternal health: (1) insufficient access to food; (2) inadequate maternal and child care; and (3) poor water, sanitation and healthcare services. To address this, World Vision Myanmar has prioritized 7 key interventions for mothers and children under 2, such as training community health volunteers, pre- and post-natal care, promotion of exclusive breastfeeding, immunization, hygiene education, and improved access to water and sanitation.
Household income directly influences children’s survival, health, and education. To help families increase their household income, World Vision implements an integrated livelihoods approach by building the economic capacity of farming households and creating job opportunities for non-agricultural families.
World Vision assists with farm inputs, cultivation techniques, and helps with the forming and facilitating of farmer groups for collective action and Value Chain Development. For individuals not involved in agricultural activities, World Vision provides animal husbandry and livestock training, while supporting livestock such as pigs, ducks, goats, and chickens. Village saving and loan associations have been setup in villages to initiate and encourage saving practices and to facilitate internal lending among members. Additionally, home gardening activities enable families to grow vegetables, which increases their food security and income.
Our programming supports the rights of children to be cared for, protected and participating. A number of children in Myanmar are living on the streets, estranged from their families. Root causes include poverty, fractured family systems, lack of education, and lack of awareness of children’s needs and rights.
Child Protection is integrated into all programs. World Vision Myanmar’s pillars of child protection include:
· Prevention of abuse, neglect, exploitation and violence against children
· Protection of children who are experiencing hurt or are at risk of harm
· Restoration and reintegration of children who have been exposed to neglect or abuse back into their families and communities.
World Vision is focusing on street children in two main cities in Myanmar. Drop-in centres and temporary shelters support orphans and vulnerable children, assisting them to reintegrate back to their own families and communities.
World Vision supports the Government of Myanmar’s pledge to stop the recruitment and use of children under 18 in armed conflict. World Vision manages a hotline for public reporting of suspected minor recruitment (7am to 10pm). We also work with local partners and community groups for prevention through awareness raising and monitoring activities.
In addition to above child protection activities, we have been combating human trafficking through prevention, protection, policy and prosecution activities
Humanitarian and Emergency Affairs
Myanmar is highly vulnerable to disasters and has large numbers of internally displaced people (IDP) due to ongoing conflicts. World Vision responds to various disasters and IDP needs with lifesaving assistance to the disaster affected populations in a timely manner. The National Response Team, a special selected pool of skilled experienced staff within World Vision Myanmar, is ready to deploy immediately for future emergency responses. As anticipating and preparing for disasters is important, we build resilience of the communities to mitigate, prepare for, respond to, and bounce back from any disaster.