World Vision Ethiopia

Humanitarian Emergency Affairs

Ethiopia Drought 2017 Update

Following poor performing spring rains, the number of people requiring humanitarian assistance has increased from 5.6 million to 7.78 million in the first quarter of the year, and is expected to heighten further in the second half of the year. Increased funding is needed urgently, in particular to address immediate requirements for clean drinking water, much of which is being delivered long distances by truck as regular wells have dried up.

Situation Reports

  • Situation Report 5- Ethiopia Hunger Crisis Responsea - May 25,2017
  • Situation Report 4 - Ethiopia Hunger Crisis Response - May 4, 2017
  • Situation Report 3 - Ethiopia Hunger Crisis Response - April 10, 2017
  • Situation Report 2 - Ethiopia Hunger Crisis Response -March 20, 2017
  • Situation Report 1 - Ethiopia Hunger Crisis Response - March 3, 2017

Facts and figures

  • Ethiopia Drought Response - Facts and figures

             - May 2017

             - March 2017

World Vision response to the drought in Ethiopia due to El Nino effect -May 2016

The Government of Ethiopia estimates that 10.2 million people require emergency food assistance to mitigate the impact of the drought due to El-Nino effect; Out of these beneficiaries, more than 1.2 million drought affected people exist in WVE operational areas, both Area Programs and Joint Emergency Operations Program districts.

WVE has revised its appeal and raised it from $22m to $48m to address the needs of the most vulnerable children and their communities within WVE operational and adjacent drought affected areas in March 2016.

WVE has secured over $40.8m ($13 million from its exiting grant and sponsorship funding and $27.2 million additional fund) and is reaching more than 1.5 million people across 4 regions through emergency nutrition, wash, humanitarian food assistance and food security activities.

Food security:

  • WVE have raised $ 21.88 million (food value) and is currently addressing the need for more than 211,928 people through humanitarian food assistance.
  • Distributed 3,637.215MT of wheat, 363.722 MT of YSP and 109.116 MT of oil to 242,481 people in the targeted 15 drought affected Woredas in month of May
  • WVE has distributed 1,380 Qtls of seeds which amounted for more than $140,000 for 9,654 HHs Belg producing areas.

Water, hygiene and sanitation:

  • WVE have raised $10 million to address the affected population
  • Through lifesaving interventions such as spring capping, maintenance and shallow wells drilling.
  • WVE is addressing needs for more than 639,683 people.

Education and Child protection:

  • WVE appeals for $2.1 million to respond in education and child protection in emergencies for drought affected primary schools and vulnerable children.

Health and Nutrition: 

  • WVE is working to prevent measles, malaria, AWD in the drought affected areas as well as aggressively working to raise awareness and build the capacity of community members in community Management of Acute Malnutrition.
  • WVE has been raised $3.94 million to prevent measles, malaria, and AWD and capacitate health workers, community members.

Key Response Update

  • World Vision Ethiopia has obtained $40.8 million out of the targeted appeal $48 million for the Cat III emergency response program. More effort will be made to fill in the current funding gap of $7.2 million for the recovery phase of the response in order to ensure smooth transition and increase self-resilience of the drought affected people.
  • The requirements for Agriculture, Education and Shelter/NFI sectors increased following a prioritization exercise in early May 2016.
  • World Vision Ethiopia is applying for more funds to continue implementing both lifesaving and recovery projects and grants have been secured from Support offices ($441,284 WV Hong Kong and other donors such as OFDA/ CRS USD1.2 million).
  • Established 971 OTP sites and 106 Stabilization Centres (SC) in Oromia, SNNPR, and Tigray regions since the beginning of the Emergency Nutrition projects.
  • Rehabilitated 67 shallow wells, 18 boreholes and 13 springs, drilled 21 shallow wells and 3 deep wells and created access to water in 9 schools and 20 health institutions in drought affected. As a result over 224,000 people have got access to potable water.

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WVE Humanitarian Emergency Affairs

World Vision Ethiopia (WVE) is committed to provide timely and appropriate emergency response, to ensure lifesaving measures and provide basic services for children and families.

As well, WVE is engaged in providing early warning information and early action.

WHAT IS HAPPENING

  • Ethiopia has become the largest refugee-hosting nation in Africa (more than 737, 979 refugees and asylum seeker population as of the May 31, 2016 UNHCR report).
  • The main influencing factor for having the biggest number of refugees in Ethiopia is the on-going conflict in South Sudan which came on top of an already heavy caseload of refugees coming in from Somalia, Eritrea and the Sudan.
  • The Government of Ethiopia estimates that 10.2 million people require emergency food assistance to mitigate the impact of the drought due to El-Nino effect; Out of these beneficiaries, more than 1.2 million drought affected people exist in WVE operational areas, both Area Programs and Joint Emergency Operations Program districts.

  • One of the main current humanitarian concerns in Ethiopia relates to high malnutrition rates (food insecure pocket areas) and high risk of epidemics caused by recurrent drought and flash floods among others.
  • Women and children are the most vulnerable in emergency crisis situations, gender based violence and child abuses are the most critical issues.

Objective

Implementing emergency response and recovery activities for saving lives, reducing human suffering, protecting and promoting livelihoods and building the resilience of disaster affected communities.

Approach

  • Linking relief, rehabilitation and development
  • The Disaster Risk Reduction approach set up considers the interconnectivity of relief, disasters and development.
  • Preparedness measures are being taken directly in advance of an announced or expected hazard to prepare for and reduce its effects and potential impacts.
  • Key elements of disaster preparedness strategy are also designed. The development program is designed in way that it creates a resilience community that helps prevent and/or mitigate the likelihood of disaster.
  • Emergency response is initiated when prevention and mitigation measures fail, start after the disaster risk following the call from government and communities side.

STRATEGIC FOCUS AREAS

The main focus of WVE is ensuring sustained wellbeing of children within families and communities through implementation of Transformational Development and Humanitarian Relief Programs in areas of disaster community.

The strategy objectives are:

  • Improve household food security status, resilience to shocks and recovery from disasters
  • Improve health and nutritional status of children and pregnant and lactating women
  • Improve access to quality education
  • Improve access to adequate safe water and sanitation and hygiene practices
  • Promote child protection, participation and holistic development

 What we do

  • Food aid for food insecure HHs in JEOP implementing Woredas
  • Emergency Nutrition Programmes: Supporting OTP (Outpatient Therapeutic Programme, TSFP (Therapeutic Supplementary Feeding Programme), SC (Stabilization Center)
  • Emergency Seed Support for flood affected
  • Emergency WASH activities

Water trucking,

  • Borehole, shallow well, hand dug well drilling
  • Pipe laying, Reservoir, water point, cattle trough constructions
  • Water containers distribution (eg Jerrry cans, bowls, etc)
  • Doing sanitation and Hygiene activities (CLTSH, campaigns, latrine     construction, solid waste disposal pits construction and bins distribution, soap distribution)

Education in Emergency:

  • providing education service to refugee children and Functional Adult literacy (FAL),
  • Constructing school blocks, library and child friendly spaces
  • Establishing and capacitating PTSA (Parent Teacher Student Association)
  • Establishing different school clubs
  • Child protection activities
  • School uniforms, play ground materials, exercise books, reference books
  • School feeding

Livelihood Resilience building:

  •  Agricultural trainings (container gardening, poultry support, sheep and goat support & training, beehive making training, mango processing training, animal feed support)
  • Income generation skill trainings (tailoring, carpentry, welding, etc)
  • Seed support (crop seeds, vegetable seeds, and forage seeds
  • Restocking/destocking of livestock
  • Emergency Health support eg drug support to measles epidemic
  • Environment: solar light and stove distribution to refugees

ACHIEVEMENTS TO DATE

Major milestones

  • During the Famine of 1985 World Vision has done extensive life-saving Relief work throughout the country.
  • Many recurrent droughts were tackled since then through the Emergency works of the HEA department and Area Programs.
  • The lives and livelihoods of 1,127,675 drought affected communities and refugees & host community restored during the Cat III emergency declaration of the Horn of Africa Response to Drought in 2011 - 2013.
  • Also during that time (Cat III) WVE’s drought response reached out to 21 Area Development Programs (ADP) and 24 expanded operational areas including the growing Somali refugee population in the five Dollo Ado refugee camps on the southern border of Ethiopia.
  • Emergency Education needs of about 20,000 refugee children and adults met
  • Access to safe water to people and livestock created during the Cat III emergency to 243,731 people

During FY 2014 the following achievements were recorded

Food Aid

  • 98,640 people in Melka Soda, Boricha, Gera Midir, Libo Kemkem, Mekdela, & Saynt Woredasn were addressed with General Food Distribution with 1,697.96 MT of food aid through the JEOP project.
  • 4,147 mothers and children in Melka Belo, Habro, and Durame Woredas were supported with 41.31 MT of Supplementary Food through KOIKA, and Sponsorship projects.
  • 4,053 people in Boset ADP affected by flood were supported with 67.689 MT of food through Sponsorship projects and NEPRF.

Seed Support

  • 15,317 people affected by flood in Tenta, Gondar Zuria, and Habru Woredas were supported with 119.4 MT of seed through NEPRF funds.
  • 1,120 beneficiaries in Tongo Emergency Response Programme were supported with 17.5 MT of crop seeds through the livelihood project.

Livelihood

  • 7,130 refugees and host community in Tongo Sudanese Refugee camp received business development, skill, and agricultural training, farm tools, vegetable seed, forage seed, shoat, poultry, and vet drug supports.
  • 1,275 refugees and host community in Dollo Ado Somali Refugee camp received livelihood vocational skills, life skills,

WASH

  • 57,758 people in South Omo, Tongo, Dollo Ado & Borena were supported to have access to safe water and sanitation.

Health

  • 2,270 people affected by measles epidemic in Humbo were supported with essential drugs through NEPRF funds.

Education

  • 19,145 children in Dollo Ado (refugees and hosts) were supported to get access to education.

 

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