World Vision Timor-Leste

Climate Change

(Haree versaun Tetun iha okos)

Adapting to a changing climate

Conserving natural resources and adapting to climate change are part of promoting the well-being of vulnerable children and their families. The degradation of Timor-Leste’s forests and water from climate change, slash and burn agriculture, population pressure and intensive grazing is putting intense pressure on the land.

World Vision Timor-Leste is running two projects to help communities adapt to climate change. One project in Aileu runs until September 2016 and another in Bobonaro runs until September 2017. Climate change adaptation measures in these projects include:

  • Showing farmers how to grow nitrogen-fixing trees for shade and wind protection, mulch crops to increase soil fertility, establish compost pits and use organic matter from weeds and leaves. Small ponds and irrigation channels are built and slopes terraced to capture and store water and to halt erosion. Raised bed farming is introduced to avoid water-logging of crops such as maize, cassava, peanuts and sweet potato.
  • promoting high-value timber and fruiting species to provide income. These include indigenous timbers such as teak, mahogany, candlenut and sandalwood, and coffee and fruit and spice trees
  • promoting climate-adapted species that are resilient to climate extremes
  • training households in energy efficient technologies. Wood is still a cheap and popular fuel in Timor-Leste so fuel-efficient cooking stoves have been adopted. They also minimize the indoor smoke that leads to respiratory diseases in so many women and children.

Regenerating forests
A key World Vision initiative is Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR) to regenerate trees and shrubs from the ‘underground forest’ of living tree stumps that remain in degraded forest areas. Seemingly bare hillsides may in fact contain seeds, living tree stumps and roots which can sprout new stems and regenerate trees, if given a chance.

By carefully pruning and caring for the shoots sprouting from the stumps, FMNR breathes life back into the original land cover. Farmers are beginning to see dramatic improvements in biodiversity, forest cover and soil fertility. WVTL hosted Timor-Leste’s first national conference on FMNR in April 2014.

READ MORE

FMNR conference and field trip in pictures >>

Renew the land: FMNR in Timor-Leste (video) >>

Customary law helping restore land to good environmental health (photos) >>



versaun tetun

Adapta ba mudansa klimatika

Konserva rekursu natural no adapta ba mudansa klimatika mak parte husi promove moris diak labarik sira nebe vulneravel no sira nia familia. Degradasaun floresta no bé husi mudansa klimatika, Agrikultor  sira  tesi ai no sunu, presaun populasaun nian no sunu rai intensivu sei tau presaun makas ba rai.

World Vision Timor Leste hala’o projetu rua atu tulun komunidade sira odi adapta mudansa klimatika. Projetu ida iha Aileu, sei la’o to’o Setembru 2016 no ida seluk tan iha Bobonaro sei la’o to’o September 2017. Sasukat sira adaptasaun mudansa klimatika nian iha projetu hirak ne’e mak inklui:

  • hatudu ba agrikultor sira oinsa mak atu kuidadu aihoris sira nebe fo nitrógeniu no proteje anin fresku, produs duut hodi hasae rai bokur, halo kompos fatin no sasan sira organiku husi duut no aitahan sira. Kolam kiik no kanal irigasaun nian halo no prepara teras sira para konserva bé hodi satan/tahan rai monu. Halo toos iha foho lolon ne’e introduz atu evita be estraga fini sira nebe kuda hanesan batar, aifarina, forerai no fehuk ropa.
  • promove aihoris sira nebe ho valor as no fini aifuan sira hodi fo rendimentu. Ida ne’e inklui aihoris sira lokal hanesan Ai teka, Ai mahoni, Kamí, ai kameli, Kafé no aifuan sira seluk.
  • pomove adaptasaun klimatika no speci ida nebe resiliente liu ba klimatika extrema.
  • treinu ba uma kain sira ho teknologia efisiente. Ai maran sei baratu liu no popular tebes hodi sunu iha Timor Leste nune’e medida uja ai sunu ba tein fatin nian introdus ona iha Timor Leste. Sira mos bele minimiza ahi suar nebe sei provoka moras respiratorio ba labarik no feto sira. 


Regenarasaun ai laran tuan
Inisiativa save World Vision nian mak Agrikultor Maneija Regenerasaun Natural, atu habarak liu tan aihoris sira husi degrasaun sira nebe kontinua estraga area floresta nian. Biar nune’e rai molik sira iha foho lolon sei hamate fini sira aihoris nian, nebe sei kontinua abandona no fo risku liu tan maske iha oportunidade atu fini hirak ne’e moris hikas fali.

Ho kuidadu didiak mak hamos nia sanak sira, husi nia hun, FMNR lori hikas modelu ida nebe garantia aihoris sira nia ejistensia atu kobre rai. Agricultor sira komesa hare ona improvasaun dramatica iha biodiversidade, ailaran tuan nebe buras ba dadaun. WVTL organiza Konferensia Nasional konaba FMNR nian iha Abril 2014.